« Latin Cross
The Latin Cross, also known as the Protestant Cross. The Latin cross (crux ordinaria) is a symbol of Christianity even though it was used as a pagan symbol for millennia before the foundation of the Christian Church. It has been found in China and Africa. It appears on Scandinavian Bronze Age stones depicting the hammer of Thor, their god of thunder and war. It was regarded as a magical symbol. It brought good luck and diverted evil. People interpret rock carvings of the cross as a solar symbol, or a symbol of Earth with its points representing north, south, east, and west. Elsewhere, the cross variously symbolized health, fertility, life, immortality, the union of heaven and earth, spirit and matter, the sun, and the stars.
As a Christian symbol, it is referred to as the Protestant Cross, because it is a plain cross without any corpus. An image representing the body of Christ is detached from it. Therefore, it represents resurrection, and is mostly used in Protestant churches. When the cross includes a corpus, it is usually referred to as a crucifix. The crucifix is used mainly by Roman Catholics and emphasizes Christ's suffering and sacrifice.
The Latin Cross form is seen on several national flags, including: Aaland Islands, Anguilla, Australia, Bahamas (Red), Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Denmark, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Falkland Islands, Faroe Islands, Fiji, Finland, Georgia, Greece, Iceland, Macedonia (Republic), Malta, Montserrat, Netherlands, Antilles, New Zealand, Norway, St Helena, Sweden, Switzerland and Tonga. It is a Christian symbol on all these flags.